While fixing the poverty line, consumption of food is considered as the most important criteria but along with it some nonfood items such as clothing, and shelter are also included. Thus considering the situation, several new schemes for social uplift and poverty alleviation were launched by the government during the recent years of economic reforms. Relative poverty, on the other hand, considers over all distribution of income and the relative position of a household within that distribution pattern. However, this current estimate of poverty has triggered controversy among different people. It also needs to be understood that eliminating some of the causes of poverty might be much more cumbersome, politically risky to get support besides putting pressure on already meager resources Buy now Essay On Reduce Poverty In India
The bank noted that indian economy has grown on an average by six per cent to seven per cent over the past few years. State-wise poverty ratios have witnessed a secular decline from 1973-74 to 2004-05. Among other states, jammu and kashmir, haryana, gujarat, punjab, andhra pradesh, maharashtra and karnataka also succeeded significantly in reducing the incidence of poverty. The planning commission has updated this new poverty lines and poverty ratios for the year 2009-10 as per the recommendations of the tendulkar committee using nss 66th round (2009-10) data from the household consumer expenditure survey. It is also revealed from the report that the poverty has increased in north-eastern states of assam, meghalaya, manipur, mizoram, and nagaland Essay On Reduce Poverty In India Buy now
Again during the first four years of the eighth plan, total number of irdp families assisted was 89. The objective of the programme is to assist poor families in developing skills and inputs to overcome their poverty. Pro-poor policies should include not only income transfers which by their nature have to be limited, but also flow of investment to sectors and areas where poor work and live. But the defenders of the new economic policy have utilised the nss data on consumption of square meals. The term free & competition as in economics where there is availability of a large number of sellers proceed in unhindered way i.
Thus, to achieve success in the poverty eradication programmes along with the economic reforms introduced in the country, alternative strategies for empowering the people to help themselves are to be designed Buy Essay On Reduce Poverty In India at a discount
The head count poverty ratio for 1993--05 as released earlier by the planning commission on the basis of lakdawala methodology and also by using by the tendulkar methodology are shown in table 12. Planning commissions revised estimates of poverty ratio on the basis of nsso data, the planning commissions revised estimates of poverty ratio based on nsso data, 2011-12 can be seen from the following table 12. The experiences so gained dictated the world development reports shift of emphasis in its approach to tackle poverty from the over-reaching emphasis of the 1950s on large investments in physical capital and infrastructure to the 1970s on health and education, the 1980s on economic management and the 1990s stress on governance and institutions Buy Online Essay On Reduce Poverty In India
However, on the basis of nss data on consumption expenditure, various estimates of the extent of poverty have been made by minhas, dandekar and rath, p. Again in october, 2011 in response to the quarry of the supreme court, the planning commission made an attempt to revise the poverty line with the monthly per capita expenditure of rs 965 for urban areas (rs 32 per day) and rs 781 in rural areas 26 per day). For example, the critics pointed out that average monthly per capita consumption of cereals declined from 14. Thus, one should try to realise seriously that social development and economic growth are not necessarily the same and thus different approaches need to be adopted for such programmes Buy Essay On Reduce Poverty In India Online at a discount
This group suggested use of state specific price indices which can reflect the changes in cost of consumption basket of the people around the poverty line. Although the problem of poverty has been persisting in india since the inception of planning but the serious programmes for the alleviation of poverty were introduced only in recent years. At the initial stage, the planning commission accepted the study groups poverty criterion. Thus in the measure of absolute poverty, the absolute minimum consumption basket includes consumption of food grains, vegetables, milk products and other important items which are necessary for attaining healthy living along with access to other important non-food items Essay On Reduce Poverty In India For Sale
The pro-poor policies are necessary as they are to widen the opportunities and capabilities of the poor, must be so fashioned as to promote growth in the long run. Again the expert groups corresponding figures depicted the poverty ratio at 51. Apart from an indicative target of an 8 per cent average gdp growth rate, specific monitor able targets of key indicators have been finalised for the tenth plan (2002-07) and beyond. Accordingly, the minimum desirable standard was worked out at rs 76 for the rural areas and rs 88 for urban areas at 1979-80 prices. But due to the differences in their concept of poverty, their results vary widely.
As per the tendulkar committee report, the national poverty line at 2004-05 prices was a monthly per capita consumption expenditure of rs 446 For Sale Essay On Reduce Poverty In India
While tile proportion of poor in the rural areas declined from 56. In the medium term, a high growth rate of six to seven per cent is needed to create enough job opportunities for all the new entrants to the labour force. Main point that arises here is that whether this regressive trend has any correlation with the ongoing economic reforms. The important point is the emphasis on distribution of the means of production to ensure remuneration. What is essentially required, is the need to create participation of local population, ensure a fairer trading regime and motivate the any concentrated attempt to root out poverty from any part of the geography should should be adopted to create and deliver a larger number of resources to reach out to a larger number of people in the region? How to ensure unhindered access of the produce of the region to its markets & ensure a fair price? And finally, what can be done to ensure that a larger number of people feel motivated to participate in the the above might sound gandhian thinking laced in etymologically modern economic markets including international markets as opposed to self-sufficiency of villages and production methods, encouragement to innovation & non-opposition to large projects etc Sale Essay On Reduce Poverty In India