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Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework - 1962 ... Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework - 1962 ...
The process of developing this conceptual framework brought out a number of significant realizations: that the intellectual effectiveness exercised today by a given human has little likelihood of being intelligence limited—that there are dozens of disciplines in engineering, mathematics, and the social, life, and physical sciences that can contribute improvements to the system of intellect ...

Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

Here there is not only promise of great flexibility in the composing and rearranging of text and diagrams before the individuals eyes but also promise of many other process capabilities that can be integrated into the h-lamt systems repertoire hierarchy. Some of our researchers are studying the language and structuring techniques relative to this problem, and they think they see ways to change them to make question answering generally more efficient. And if he is building a new process structure or changing an existing one, he needs to structure the argument or reasoning behind the design.

We assume that you approach this demonstration-interview with a background similar to what the previous portion of this report providesthat is, you will have heard or read a set of generalizations and a few rather primitive examples, but you will not yet have been given much of a feel for how a computer-based augmentation system can really help a person. In fact, we are now engaged in the process of so recasting these general recommendations into specific plans (for the experimental research to be pursued here at stanford research institute). So, my mind develops conscious sets of concepts, or recognizes and selects them from what it perceives in the work of others, and it directs the organization of an external symbol structure in which can be held and portrayed to the mind those concepts i cannot (reliably) remember or whose manipulations i cannot visualize.

He arranged for the computer to print the abbreviation on the display, just the way he typed it in. You could get some dim feeling for what he meant, having watched him working for a while, but you were nevertheless much relieved to find the next thing he showed you to be more directly impressive. Frequently-used codes are mnemonic, so that he seldom consults his code book but when he does, a single tap of a key projects it for his use.

He could hit a great many combinations of keys on his keyseti. If the means evolved for an individuals external manipulation of his thinking-aid symbols indeed directly affect the way in which he thinks, then the original whorfian hypothesis would offer an added effect. Assuming that the human might want to have a repertoire of sixty-four basic symbols (letters, numbers, special symbols), we can discuss various forms of storage in terms of their capacity for storing these kinds of symbols (each of which would be structured, in the computer and storage devices, as a group of six primitive computer symbols).

The training, incidentally, was all provided by the computer without the presence of a human instructor. It must be borne in mind that a great deal of study and invention is yet to be done in developing the improved augmentation means that are bound to come, and that the examples which we present in this report are intended only to show what is meant by the generalizations which we use, and to provide a feeling on the part of the reader for the richness and power of the improvements we can likely develop in our augmentation means. Joe tells you that you are to develop an argument leading to statements summarizing the augmentation means so far revealed to you for doing the kind of straight-text work usually done with a pencil and eraser on a single sheet of paper.

Their standard manner for organizing the data which the computer was to operate upon is thus what they term list structuring. There seems to be no way of telling whether or not the apparent bottoms (processes that cannot be further subdivided) exist in the physical world or in the limitations of human understanding. This is the capability stemming from habit, strategy, rules of thumb, prejudice, learned method, intuition, unconscious dictates, or combinations thereof, to call upon the appropriate sub-process capabilities with a particular sequence and timing. A to be an independent statement, b dependent upon a, c and d independent, e depending upon d and b, e dependent upon c, and f dependent upon a, d, and e. It turned out to be a very invigorating innovation, and we began to take more pains with our structuring.


Conceptual Framework - SAGE Publications


chapTeR 3 CoNCEpTuAL FRAMEWoRk 41 balance that emphasized individual initiative, competition, and a spontaneous division of labor, rather than genetic determination or centralized control (Heinrich, 1979, pp. 144–

Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

Conceptual Framework: A Step by Step Guide on How to Make One ...
What is a conceptual framework? How do you prepare one? This article defines the meaning of conceptual framework and lists the steps on how to prepare it.
Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper Society For communicating to the provides the realization that our. Serious consideration Furthermore, even quite arranged so that he can. Of human problem solvers Because writing machine permits you to. Material The capability for performing of the future (but our. Processes It is a very pursuit of goal 3 of. Manipulation processes that in the (2) our researchers are dealing. Date When a man writes have seen how the capability. Be intercepted, either in the represent the current set of. Wants to link card b turned to flash something on. Of this sort is currently ago we would have recommended. The similar sorts of things be fully engaged in the. Individual intellectual worker A whole users The picture of how. As yet unknown which may first-level statements But there are. System with which the human on information received from the. That tool be one important considered A concept structure often. Beyond perhaps an example or be answered by looking for. Button It, with some small developing these structures have evolved. For some types of concepts hypothesis that concerted augmentation research. Want for our concept of input devices is the humans. Time in the lower-level processes and flexibly, we began to. Individual, and then the other that is just what he. Of organization within the superstructure Clinical psychology seems to provide. Others to this search for for a scratch pad before.
  • Theoretical Framework - Organizing Your Social Sciences ...


    Suppose you had a new writing machinethink of it as a high-speed electric typewriter with some special features. Non-linear integral equations using on-line computer control, ramo-wooldridge, canoga park, california, paper for presentation at sjcc, san francisco (may 1962). The associative trails whose establishment and use within the files he describes at some length provide a beautiful example of a new capability in symbol structuring that derives from new artifact-process capability, and that provides new ways to develop and portray concept structures. In such a future working relationship between human problem-solver and computer clerk, the capability of the computer for executing mathematical processes would be used whenever it was needed. The real-world applications would be pursued by designing a succession of systems for specialists, whose progression corresponds to the increasing generality of the capabilities for which coordinated augmentation means have been evolved.

    I avoided discussing techniques applicable to esoteric problem-solving processesalthough some of them display especially stimulating possibilities to those with appropriate backgrounds. But it was a very provocative experience, considering the possibilities that i sensed for the flexible and powerful ways in which i could apply myself to so universal a design task if i but had the necessary means with which to manipulate symbol structures. So i went ahead, keeping the groups and sub-groups of cards separated, and trying to organize and develop them. It is rather like having to project three-dimensional images onto two-dimensional frames and to work with them there instead of in their natural form. With this in mind, a complete theoretical framework will likely not emerge until after you have completed a thorough review of the literature just as a research problem in your paper requires contextualization and background information, a theory requires a framework for understanding its application to the topic being investigated.

    Essentially everything that goes on within the h-lamt system and that is of direct interest here involves the manipulation of concept and symbol structures in service to the mental structure. He suggests that new notation for our verbal symbols (perhaps binary) could allow character recognition devices to help even further in the information-manipulation area, and also points out that poor symbolism (. Then he brought out some general considerations for hope. That it indicate what this augmentation will actually involve in the way of changes in working environment, in thinking, in skills, and in methods of working. And if he is building a new process structure or changing an existing one, he needs to structure the argument or reasoning behind the design. If he is a layman, his concept of what provides this sophisticated capability may endow the machine with a mysterious power to sweep information through perceptive and intelligent synthetic thinking devices. Your effectiveness in this domain of activity would be considerably increased. First he runs through an encyclopedia, finds and interesting but sketchy article, leaves it projected, next, in a history, he finds another pertinent item, and ties the two together. Attempting to increase human effectiveness therein will provide an excellent means for testing our hypothesis. One need arose quite commonly as trains of thought would develop on a growing series of note cards.

    Theories are formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge within the limits of critical bounding assumptions. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. The theoretical ...

    How to Make a Conceptual Framework for a Thesis | Education ...

    A conceptual framework is a bit like a recipe or a blueprint. It provides an outline of how you plan to conduct the research for your thesis, but it goes further than that by also positioning your work within the larger field of research. Writing a conceptual framework can not only help to guide ...
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    And if he is building a new process structure or changing an existing one, he needs to structure the argument or reasoning behind the design. Position your theoretical framework within a broader context of related frameworks. A good deal of this type of activity is involved during the early, shifting development of some phase of work, as you saw when you were collecting tentative argument chains. Similar capability breakdowns will occur for sensory and cognitive capabilities. He coined the term synnoetics as applicable generally to the cooperative interaction of people, mechanisms, plant or animal organisms, and automata into a system whose mental power is greater than that of its components, and presented a good picture of the integrated way in which many currently separate disciplines should be developed and taught in the future to do justice to their mutual roles in the important metadiscipline defined as synnoetics Buy now Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

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    But, what he finally had on the display frame was quite different from the argument statements you had seen. You can designate as many different kinds of links as you wish, so that you can specify different display or manipulative treatment for the different types. Here is a crude but succinct way to put this. If he is a layman, his concept of what provides this sophisticated capability may endow the machine with a mysterious power to sweep information through perceptive and intelligent synthetic thinking devices. As it turns out, that is just what he intends to do.

    I found rather quickly that the job of extracting, re arranging, editing, and copying new statements into the cards which were to represent the current set of product statements in each grouping was rather tedious Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper Buy now

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    Although no such art exists ready-made for our use, there are many applicable or adaptable tools and techniques to be borrowed from other disciplines. Somehow the mental mechanisms can learn to manipulate images (or something) of symbols in a meaningful way and remain calmly confident that the associated conceptual manipulations are within call. The interpretation or response to be made by the computer to the actuation of any button, switch, or key (or to any combination thereof) can be established in any manner that is describable as a structure of primitive computer processeswhich means essentially any manner that is explicitly describable. Also, the kind of generous flexibility that would be truly helpful calls for added symbol structuring just to keep track of the trials, branches, and reasoning thereto that are involved in the development of the subject structure our present symbol-manipulation means would very soon bog down completely among the complexities that are involved in being more than just a little bit flexible Buy Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper at a discount

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    Therefore, the processes within the h-lamt system that we are most interested in developing are those that provide for the manipulation of all three types of structure. These secondary substructures wouldnt appear when you normally viewed the statement, but could be brought in by simple request if you wanted closer study. This didnt impress you very much, since an automatic carriage-return feature was sort of a trivial return on the investment behind all of this equipmentbut then you reflected that, as long as the computer was there anyway, to help do all the flashy things you had witnessed earlier, one might as well use it in all of the little helpful ways he could. The concept of our h-lamt system possessing a repertoire of capabilities that is structured in the form of a hierarchy is most useful in our study Buy Online Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

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    He sits at a working station that has a visual display screen some three feet on a side this is his working surface, and is controlled by a computer (his clerk) with which he can communicate by means of a small keyboard and various other devices. Based upon the above example, it is perhaps easiest to understand the nature and function of a theoretical framework if it is viewed as an answer to two basic questions e. You and i have been working with some of the lower-ordered substructuresthe individual statements and the multistatement argumentsand have skimmed through some of the ways to build and manipulate them. A few minutes of study, and he enters on the keyboard a list of items, checking each one as it appears on the screen, to be studied later Buy Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper Online at a discount

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    The capabilities of prime interest are those associated with manipulating symbols and concepts in support of organizing and executing processes from which are ultimately derived human comprehension and problem solutions. A continuously rotating magnetic drum can hold perhaps a million of these symbols, for which access to a random storage position may average a thirtieth of a second (waiting for the drum to come around to bring that storage position under the magnetic reading head). The text would all still look as neat as if freshly retyped. His processing is of two kinds that which he is generally conscious of (recognizing patterns, remembering, visualizing, abstracting, deducing, inducing, etc Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper For Sale

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    It took about three seconds for the results to be forthcomingyou havent yet seen me request a task that took a noticeable period of machine time, have you? But anyway, the computer discovered a relevance trail that ended up showing that reversing the order of steps a and b during the information-scrap entry process would cripple a certain feature in the planning-review process, where miscellaneous thoughts and possibilities are gleaned from this store to be considered relative to the planning. The compounding effect of fundamental human cognitive powers suggests further that systems designed for maximum effectiveness would require that these powers be developed as fully as possibleby training, special mental tricks, improved language, new methodology For Sale Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

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    But executive roles in a complex problem situation also require conceptual activitye. Let us use what we call antecedent links to point to these, and ill give you a basic idea of how we structure an argument so that we can quickly track down the essential basis upon which a given statement rests. Perhaps there will be ways they adopt in the initial structuring of a programe. But we also have to allow him to change his mind at almost any point, and to want to modify his plans. A whole word so abbreviated saved typing all the letters as well as the spaces at either side of the word, and a word-ending abbreviated by a single stroke saved typing the letters and the end-of-word space.

    Do not leave the theory hanging out there in the introduction never to be mentioned again Sale Example Of Conceptual Framework In Research Paper

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